Medians of a Triangle
A triangle therefore has three medians.
A median of a triangle is a line segment from a vertex of the triangle to the midpoint of the side opposite that vertex. Because there are three vertices, there are of course three possible medians. One of the fascinating things about them is that no matter what shape the triangle, all three always intersect at a single point. This point is called the centroid of the triangle.
There are some fascinating properties of the medians of a triangle:
- The fact that the three medians always meet at a single point is interesting in its own right
- Each median divides the triangle into two smaller triangles which have the same area
- The centroid (point where they meet) is the center of gravity of the triangle
- The three medians divide the triangle into 6 smaller triangles that all have the same area, even though they may have different shapes.
Adjust the triangle above by dragging any vertex. Convince yourself that the three medians (gray lines) always intersect at a single point. You can also visually estimate that the area facts given above are true